Question: What causes divers to get the bends?

What happens if you get the bends?

(Decompression Illness; Caisson Disease; The Bends)

Symptoms can include fatigue and pain in muscles and joints. In the more severe type, symptoms may be similar to those of stroke or can include numbness, tingling, arm or leg weakness, unsteadiness, vertigo (spinning), difficulty breathing, and chest pain.

What does it mean to get bent when diving?

The bends, also known as decompression sickness (DCS) or Caisson disease, occurs in scuba divers or high altitude or aerospace events when dissolved gases (mainly nitrogen) come out of solution in bubbles and can affect just about any body area including joints, lung, heart, skin and brain.

Can you fart while diving?

Farting is possible while scuba diving but not advisable because: … An underwater fart will shoot you up to the surface like a missile which can cause decompression sickness. The acoustic wave of the underwater fart explosion can disorient your fellow divers.

Will the bends go away on its own?

In some cases, symptoms may remain mild or even go away by themselves. Often, however, they strengthen in severity until you must seek medical attention, and they may have longer-term repercussions.

What does the bends feel like?

The most common signs and symptoms of the bends include joint pains, fatigue, low back pain, paralysis or numbness of the legs, and weakness or numbness in the arms. Other associated signs and symptoms can include dizziness, confusion, vomiting, ringing in the ears, head or neck pain, and loss of consciousness.

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Why do divers have to come up slowly?

Nitrogen in a diver’s body will expand most quickly during the final ascent, and allowing his body additional time to eliminate this nitrogen will further reduce the diver’s risk of decompression sickness. … Divers should slowly ascend from all dives to avoid decompression sickness and AGE.

How do whales not get the bends?

When air-breathing mammals dive to high-pressure depths, their lungs compress. … Marine mammals’ chest structure allows their lungs to compress. Scientists have assumed that this passive compression was marine mammals’ main adaptation to avoid taking up excessive nitrogen at depth and getting the bends.