What features made the Portuguese caravel ideal for ocean sailing?

What features made the caravel an excellent sailing ship quizlet?

European shipbuilders built a better ship; The caravel was a strong ship that could travel in the open seas & in shallow water. Caravels had triangular lateen sails that allowed ships to sail against the wind. A moveable rudder made the caravel more maneuverable. Cannons & rifles gave ships protection.

What key improvements were made with the design of caravel ships?

Clearly, the Caravel revolutionized European transportation. This technology made it possible for European explorers, fishermen, and merchants to “expand their horizons,” by providing the ability to travel further, faster. One could argue that it played a major role in the rapid colonization of the New World.

What was one advantage of the caravel?

The caravel gave the Portuguese a distinct advantage in exploration and trade. The lateen sails gave her speed and the capacity for sailing to windward (beating). the largest port city in Indonesia, the name derives from the Arabic malakat, meaning “market”.

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How was the caravel better for explorations than earlier ships?

Caravels grew larger and more spacious as the turn of the 16th century approached. As the caravel did not go deep, it was the proper ship for exploration of river discharges in shallow waters. With the help of the Latin seal it was able to quickly cross shallow areas in strong winds, gaining great speed.

What was the most profitable and strongest colonization by Europe?

VCHSAPWH 14 & 15

Question Answer
The most profitable and strongest colonization by Europe was in the Americas
The first Portuguese who landed in India were greeted with derisive laughter
The Portuguese gained control of the eastern Indian Ocean through conquest
The Portuguese base in China was at Macao

What advantages did the caravel have over older styles of ships?

Advantages of the caravel

The caravel was much beter than previous ships due to its ability to sail fast and into the wind. Caravel planking was much thicker, and they were broad-beamed ships with 2 or 3 masts (later, they had as many as 4) with square sails and a triangular sail.

Why did Viking long ships travel through rough seas better than earlier ships?

Viking vessels traveled the rough North Atlantic seas better than earlier Ships because their designs were more stable. The Vikings raided countries throughout Europe, but they also developed large trading networks. Viking ships sailed to the British Isles and the Mediterranean and Black seas.

What are the disadvantages of the caravel?

These boats were fragile, with only one mast with a fixed square sail that could not overcome the navigational difficulties of southward oceanic exploration, as the strong winds, shoals and strong ocean currents easily overwhelmed their abilities.

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What is the difference between a Carrack and a caravel?

is that caravel is (nautical) a light, usually lateen-rigged sailing ship used by the portuguese, as well as spanish, for about 300 years, beginning in the fifteenth century, first for trade and later for voyages of exploration while carrack is a large european sailing vessel of the 14th to 17th centuries similar to a …

Where did the Portuguese concentrate their early efforts in exploration?

João Álvares Fagundes and Pêro de Barcelos established fishing outposts in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia around 1521. These were later abandoned, however, when Portuguese colonizers began to focus their efforts mainly on South America. Nonetheless, the Portuguese-founded towns of Portugal Cove-St. Philip’s, St.

Why did the Portuguese want to sail around Africa quizlet?

Terms in this set (30) Portuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean. Wanted to Christianize the undiscovered world. … Portuguese prince who started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration.