Why did First Nations use canoes?
Pre-contact, almost all groups of First Nations peoples across northern North America used the canoe or the kayak in daily life because these vessels were essential for their livelihood, travel and trade.
What were old canoes made of?
The frames were usually of cedar, soaked in water and bent to the shape of the canoe. The joints were sewn with spruce or white pine roots, which were pulled up, split and boiled by Indigenous women.
What do canoes symbolize?
To some, a symbol of our connection to the natural world, a representation of our reverence for history, a tool of exploration and discovery. To others, like Misao Dean, Professor of English at the University of Victoria, the canoe can be a symbol of colonialism, imperialism, and marginalization.