Why do divers have to come up slowly?

Why can’t divers come up fast?

Decompression sickness: Often called “the bends,” decompression sickness happens when a scuba diver ascends too quickly. Divers breathe compressed air that contains nitrogen. … But if a diver rises too quickly, the nitrogen forms bubbles in the body. This can cause tissue and nerve damage.

What happens if you swim to the surface too fast?

As you come to the surface from a dive, nitrogen gas can bubble up in your body like carbonation in a freshly opened can of soda. If you swim up too fast, decreasing pressure makes the bubbles expand, which can cause severe pain in your joints and create other problems in your body.

How do you ascend slowly when diving?

SLOWLY KICK AND SWIM UP

When you are ready to ascend, hold your inflator hose in your left hand and have your finger on the deflate button. You should start to kick up slowly, while continuously releasing air from your BCD. This stops the air in your BCD from expanding too much and pulling you up too quickly!

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Can you fart while diving?

Farting is possible while scuba diving but not advisable because: … An underwater fart will shoot you up to the surface like a missile which can cause decompression sickness. The acoustic wave of the underwater fart explosion can disorient your fellow divers.

What is the most common injury in scuba diving?

The most common injury in divers is ear barotrauma (Box 3-03). On descent, failure to equalize pressure changes within the middle ear space creates a pressure gradient across the eardrum.

What do the bends feel like?

The most common signs and symptoms of the bends include joint pains, fatigue, low back pain, paralysis or numbness of the legs, and weakness or numbness in the arms. Other associated signs and symptoms can include dizziness, confusion, vomiting, ringing in the ears, head or neck pain, and loss of consciousness.

What problems can occur if a diver comes up too quickly after being more than 10 m underwater?

Decompression sickness: Often called “the bends,” decompression sickness happens when a scuba diver ascends too quickly. Divers breathe compressed air that contains nitrogen. At higher pressure under water, the nitrogen gas goes into the body’s tissues.

What happens if you don’t equalize when diving?

However, if a diver does not equalize early or often enough, the pressure differential can force the soft tissues together, closing the ends of the tubes. Forcing air against these soft tissues just locks them shut. No air gets to the middle ears, which do not equalize, so barotrauma results.

Why do divers shower after every dive?

“Divers shower in between dives typically just to keep themselves and their muscles warm,” he says. They usually rinse off in water that’s warmer than the pool. … Diving is such a precise and fast-twitch sport, if the diver gets a little cold and tight, it could really affect their performance.”

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