How does a raft foundation work?
A raft foundation is a reinforced concrete slab under the whole of a building or extension, ‘floating’ on the ground as a raft floats on water. This type of foundation spreads the load of the building over a larger area than other foundations, lowering the pressure on the ground.
When would you use a raft foundation?
They spread the load imposed by a number of columns or walls over the area of foundation, and can be considered to ‘float’ on the ground as a raft floats on water. They are suitable where: Floor areas are small and structural loadings are low, such as in one or two-storey domestic construction. A basement is required.
Do raft slabs have footings?
Depending on your property’s conditions, both waffle and raft slabs can provide a suitable footing for your new home.
Is a raft foundation expensive?
Raft foundations are relatively inexpensive and fast to put down, when compared with other types of foundation. Ground excavations are less onerous than for trench excavations, for example, and the foundation and floor slab can often be combined, giving significant savings on materials and time.
How do you reinforce a slab foundation?
Here are some commonly used methods.
- Underpinning. This method is used to either increase the depth of the foundation or to repair the foundation if it has significant damage. …
- Jacketing of Foundations. Another method you may hear about is jacketing of foundations. …
- Mudjacking. …
- House Lifting and Leveling.
What is the difference between strip and raft foundations?
Strip foundation is used to support a line of loads such as load-bearing walls. … Raft foundation consists of a concrete slab which extends over the entire loaded area so that loads from entire structure are spread over a large area leading to a reduction of the stress of foundation soils is reduced.