How did the lateen sails help the Europeans?
The lateen sail provided many benefits over earlier sail designs, but most notably, it allowed ships to sail closer to the wind, which enabled Mediterranean civilizations to begin exploring and traveling longer distances (Campbell).
How did the lateen sail affect Asia?
The lateen sail was crucial for the development of ships that were maneuverable and reliable under sail power alone. These improvements made it possible for ships to increase in size, giving them the ability to carry cargo more profitably and more reliably. They also made ships more important as weapons of war.
Why is a sail triangular?
In the early years of sailing ships, the European ships had a square sail design. … By using a triangular sail design and centerboard (overdeveloped keel), it was possible to travel against the wind using a technique known as tacking. Tacking allows the boat to travel forward with a wind at right angles to the boat.
Why did sails shaped like triangles help European sailors?
The triangle-shaped sail allowed ships to harness the power of the wind to travel in any direction, and not just in the direction that the wind was blowing.
Can you reef a lateen sail?
If the reef line is parallel to the yard, as is usual in a loose footed lateen, you may have to move your sling point aft on the yard as you reef. I always used a fisherman’s bend for this on small lugsails and it may work with your rig too.
What allowed caravels to sail against the wind?
For much of its life, the Caravel featured triangular “lateen” sails that, combined with its eminent maneuverability, allowed it to sail into the wind using a zigzagging technique known as “beating to windward.” The Spanish and Portuguese soon recognized the potential of this ship, and transformed it from a simple …
What was special about the caravel?
Apparently developed by the Portuguese for exploring the coast of Africa, the caravel’s chief excellence lay in its capacity for sailing to windward. It was also capable of remarkable speed. Two of the three ships in which Christopher Columbus made his historic voyage in 1492 were caravels, the Niña and the Pinta.
What was one advantage of the caravel?
a small, maneuverable three-mast sailing ship developed by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century. The caravel gave the Portuguese a distinct advantage in exploration and trade. The lateen sails gave her speed and the capacity for sailing to windward (beating).
What is the difference between a Carrack and a caravel?
is that caravel is (nautical) a light, usually lateen-rigged sailing ship used by the portuguese, as well as spanish, for about 300 years, beginning in the fifteenth century, first for trade and later for voyages of exploration while carrack is a large european sailing vessel of the 14th to 17th centuries similar to a …